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 How Rice Milling Works and Its Process

Rice is one of the world’s most needed staple foods, providing livelihood to millions. Rice milling, an important step in the production of polished rice, involves several stages, each stage contributing to the overall quality and appearance of the rice. To make rice ready for consumption, it goes through a series of precise processes. This article will explore the basic processes involved in rice milling, including pre-cleaning rice, removing the husk, paddy separation, whitening and polishing, separation of white rice, rice mixing, mist polishing, and finally rice weighing.

Rice milling process step by step in detail:

1. Pre-cleaning

The journey of rice from the field to the rice bag begins with pre-cleaning. Raw rice harvested from the paddy fields often contains impurities, like dirt, stones, and other foreign materials. In this first stage, the rice is cleaned using different machines like scalpers and sifters. These machines help remove large impurities, ensuring that only clean paddy rice proceeds to the next steps of the milling process.

2. Removing the Husk

rice milling

The next step in rice milling is removing the outer husk of rice grains. The husk, also known as the hull, is the protective layer that surrounds the rice grains. Machines known as hullers or de-huskers are used to strip away this layer of the rice grains, revealing the brown rice grains underneath.

3. Paddy Separation

Once the husk is removed, the brown rice still contains the inner layer, known as the paddy. Paddy separation is the process of separating the paddy from the brown rice. This action is typically done using machines equipped with air blowers, which create airflow to remove the lighter-colored paddy from the heavier brown rice.

4. Whitening and Polishing

To obtain the required white rice appearance, the brown rice undergoes a whitening and polishing process. This procedure is done in machines called whitening or polishing machines. These machines gently rub the surface of the rice grains, removing the remaining bran layers and giving the rice its characteristic white polished color.

5. Separation of White Rice

After whitening and polishing procedures, the rice is further processed to separate the whole white rice from any broken or damaged grains. Special machines called sifters or separators are used in this process. These machines separate or classify rice based on size and quality, ensuring that only high-quality whole grains make it to the final product.

6. Rice Mixing

In some cases, rice from different sources may be mixed to obtain a consistent quality and flavor. The mixing process can be done in large bins, where rice from various batches is blended together. This step ensures consistency in taste and texture in the final rice product.

7. Mist Polishing

To attain an even more polished appearance and improve the rice’s overall quality, some rice goes through a mist polishing process. During mist polishing, a fine mist of water is applied to the rice, which is then polished further to enhance its visual appeal. This step is optional and used based on market demand.

8. Rice Weighing

The final step in the rice milling process is weighing and packaging polished white rice. The rice is accurately weighed and then packed into bags or other containers for distribution to consumers or for exporting abroad.

In conclusion, the process of rice milling is a carefully coordinated series of steps that transform raw paddy rice into the polished, white rice we commonly consume. Each stage, from pre-cleaning to rice weighing, plays a crucial role in ensuring the quality, appearance, and taste of the final rice product. Understanding these basic steps of rice milling followed by millers helps us appreciate the journey of this essential food product from the fields to our tables.